“Technological inertia in economic history” (1992)
Sources of resistance to technological progress:
1. Protectionism: government attitudes; fear of job losses; resistance via non-market mechanisms.
2. Intellectuals: hinder progress due to social-moral reasons.
3. Good technology is put to bad uses: technological changes are related to other phenomena (e.g. nuclear weapons used in war).\
4. Philosophical resistance: manipulation of nature for human benefit is wrong.