- Who has the power/authority/expertise to determine what a relevant social group is?
- Are there any groups who are affected by the technology (or by technological change) but who are disenfranchised, and thus cannot speak up?
- Are any groups excluded from the equation?
As an aside (but still related), scholars have studied the classic technologies throughout history (nuclear weapons, steam power, automobile, etc.) One thing they all have in common is that they are (or were) successful technologies. No one has seen fit to look at technologies that have failed. Examining what went wrong with a failed technology can surely tell us volumes about the society from which it emanated.
Langdon Winner. "Upon opening the black box and finding it empty: social constructivism and the philosophy of technology."